Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)
Why is this important?

Although single-use plastic bags were only introduced to the world in the 1970s, they have proven to be just as popular as they are damaging. Over 500 billion to 1 trillion plastic bags are consumed worldwide each year.

Selangor has always prioritised environmental preservation for our community. This year, we want to take the ‘reduce’ in ‘reduce, reuse, recycle’ to a whole new level.

It’s difficult for me to carry things without plastic bags.

Most of you are already using reusable bags and containers to carry things! You’re just one small step away from living a completely plastic-free life.

I’m too dependent on plastics.

Did you know that you only use plastic bags for an average of 12 minutes? Making the switch to bags made from compostable or reusable materials only requires a little forethought, and they perform the same functions as plastic bags. Plus, your dependency could haunt you - the plastic bags and polystyrene containers you use will almost definitely exist your whole life.

I keep forgetting to bring a shopping bag.

We’re pretty sure you have more than a few reusable bags in your home! Leave some in your car and near the door of your house. Keep one folded inside your handbag or backpack. If you still forget? Ask your grocer for cardboard boxes instead. Better yet, ask your retailer to provide discounts to those who bring their own reusable bags!

What about when I buy food from warungs and bazaars?

Simply bring your own containers, or take it a step further and return to the traditional practice of tiffin carriers. They come in various sizes for households of different sizes!

What do I do with all the plastic bags at home?

You can use them to line your rubbish bins at home, or collect them all and send them to the recycling center.

Why not provide alternatives such as oxo-biodegradable and paper bags?

Studies show that oxo-biodegradable plastics and paper bags are not necessarily more environmentally friendly. Biodegradable plastics require specific conditions often not present in landfills. Even when plastics do break down at landfills, they emit methane, a greenhouse gas 23 times more potent than CO2. Furthermore, other reports say plastics are more harmful when broken down in pieces invisible to the naked eye. These micro fragments end up in our soil, water and leave traces of toxic chemicals that re-enter our food chain.

Paper bags on the other hand, are not necessarily more sustainable or a better alternative. They require more energy to produce, and requires wood that is causing mass deforestation all over the world.

Why charge RM0.20 and not impose a total ban instead?

The levy was extended from 1 day to 7 days a week to gradually discourage the use of plastic bags and to normalize reusable carriers and containers in daily life. Behavioural change requires time and effort, and the policy aims to ease people into making lifestyle adjustments. The Bebas Plastik Policy is the State’s effort to totally wean society’s dependency on plastic and polystyrene carriers and containers.

What Type of Bags?
Is it true that a minimum of RM0.20 per plastic bag will be charged to consumers regardless of size, type or thickness?
Yes, all forms of single-use plastic bags, regardless of size, type or thickness will be levied a minimum RM0.20 charge per bag.
How much should consumers be charged for one plastic bag?
A minimum charge of RM0.20 cents will be levied for each plastic bag. It is solely up up to the retailer to set the price and will be sold as part of the items provided at their outlets.
What is the maximum charge if thick, expensive plastic bags are provided?
There is no maximum charge. Retailers may charge as they wish, beginning with the minimum RM0.20 per piece.
Are we allowed to use normal, non-recyclable plastic bags?
Yes, you may, but you will still be charged to obtain one. Retailers are encouraged to provide biodegradable or reusable plastic bags.
Are oxo-biodegradable plastic bags categorised as plastic bags as well?
Yes, and all types of plastic bags will be charged the minimum RM0.20.
Food Containers
Can paper plates and cups be used instead?
Any other containers besides polystyrene are permitted, including paper. Although, reusable (non-disposable) containers are preferred.
When is the official enforcement date of this policy?
This policy is officially effective as of 01 JANUARY 2017.
What is the penalty for failing to comply with this policy?
The maximum fine of RM1,000 will be imposed as the standard amount for any breach of licence condition. Traders who insist on using polystyrene packages will face fines of up to RM1,000 while consumers will be charged a minimum RM0.20 for every single-use plastic bag. Local council enforcement agencies will begin checks soon.
How will this policy be enforced?
Throughout the month of Ramadan last year, all 12 local councils in the state launched educational programmes where traders were asked to provide alternative biodegradable food packaging. Local council by-laws have been revised to support this policy and retailers must agree to go plastic-free when applying for or renewing their licences. Furthermore, all traders will be provided with visual materials to build awareness of the #BebasPlastik campaign.
Where does the RM0.20 go to?
The RM0.20 charge per bag goes to retailers, just like all other products you purchase from them. They are encouraged to channel it to charity and conservation efforts for the environment.
If retailers breach the policy, will they be fined for each breach, or will fines be accumulated per month?
All retailers caught in breach of the policy, will be issued a fine on the spot for each free plastic bag that are given to customers. Fines will not be accumulated per month.
Does direct selling among friends fall under the same policy?
Yes, every plastic bag involved in direct selling as well as online trading must be levied the minimum charge.
Is the fine given out to consumers or retailers?
The fine will be issued to retailers or any business licensed by the local council.
Is the policy applicable only to the public sector?
The policy is applicable to the private and public sectors in Selangor.
Some food pallets for items such as dry pet food are on the exempted list. Some of our products come in packet packaging. Will retailers be be fined?
This policy does not apply to manufacturing packaging. Some products are exempted from the Bebas Plastik policy, namely food pallet and packaging:
  • Raw food - Fish , beef, poultry, pork, mutton and meat products.
  • Food for animal or human consumption such as sweets, pet food or foods that risk leakage during handling
  • Unwrapped loose seeds
  • Flowers
  • Vegetables with soil (such as potatoes, roots, ginger)
  • Prescription drugs and poisonous substances
  • Live fish or other aquatic creatures.
Is there a list of products that are exempted from the plastic bag policy?
Yes, below is the list of products that are exempted for the use of plastic bags;
  • Raw food - Fish , beef, poultry, pork, mutton and meat products.
  • Food for animal or human consumption such as sweets, pet food or foods that risk leakage during handling
  • Unwrapped loose seeds
  • Flowers
  • Vegetables with soil (such as potatoes, roots, ginger)
  • Prescription drugs and poisonous substances
  • Live fish or other aquatic creatures.
Rational of this Policy
Many restaurants in Selangor have replaced polystyrene containers with polypropylene (PP) boxes, which aren’t covered by the Bebas Plastik policy. These boxes still amount to plastic waste and are costlier. How is this alternative better for the environment?
Clear PP food containers may be costlier to produce but they are reusable and recyclable. Styrofoam is not reusable nor is it recyclable. Many are unaware that styrofoam may be bad for health. Styrofoam contains the chemical Styrene. Some evidence suggests that Styrene can leach out of styrofoam food containers and cups containing hot food and drinks. Having said that, we encourage the habit of using reusable containers, like tiffin carriers, thermoses and food grade plastic storage and containers. Transitional alternatives such as sugar cane fibre, palm leaf fibre, PP plastic, and other biodegradable options are necessary while we transition into more sustainable lifestyle.
Why 7 days?
A Merdeka Centre survey commissioned by the state shows that 90% Selangor folks surveyed are aware of the 2011 “No Plastic Bag Day” policy which required retailers to charge RM0.20 per bag one day a week. 71% of Selangor residents say going without plastics once a week is just not enough. So as of 1 Jan 2017, all businesses and government offices will be be free of plastics and polystyrene 7 days a week.
How is the government ensuring that business owners, authorities and the public are properly informed of the policy?
Local councils and retailers were made well-aware of the policy before it was officiated. As part of the policy-making process, the Selangor State government consulted with local councils for their insights and observations on the state’s plastic bag usage and waste, whilst garnering their support. Prior to the implementation of the policy, the Selangor State Government presented the policy to retailers.
Isn’t there the possibility of an increase in waste at the landfills after the ban if people turn to other bag and container alternatives instead of bringing their own bags.
We do not encourage any single-use, disposable alternatives. The Bebas Plastik policy aims to reduce our collective dependency on single-use plastic and prohibit the use of polystyrene. We encourage people to adopt the habit of reusing plastic bags and containers, no matter the material to reduce plastic waste in our cities, towns, landfills, oceans and rivers.
The authorities must not just focus only on banning plastic. It must be paired with active and aggressive awareness activities to change people’s mindset and attitude in the long run. What is the government’s plan to address this?
Policy implementation and public education is the first step in the journey towards normalising environmentally friendly attitudes. The Selangor State government will roll out education and awareness programmes to complement this new policy to help the public adapt. The Selangor State government has every intention to support and guide the public as they transition to a more sustainable lifestyle.
Alternative biodegradable food containers are expensive. Won’t this create cost burdens on both retailers and consumers?
The Bebas Plastik campaign aims to reduce the consumer’s reliance on single-use plastic bags and to end the use of polystyrene containers, both of which are detrimental to the environment and its wildlife. The Selangor State government recommends that consumers develop the habit of bringing their own reusable containers, which will in turn remove retailers’ burden of providing alternative food containers. Retailers, vendors and restaurateurs may provide polypropylene (PP) boxes, which are reusable and already commonplace. Additionally, retailers could charge a minimal fee for the provision of alternative food containers, or provide discounts to consumers who bring reusable alternatives.


Privasi Anda 

Halaman ini menerangkan dasar privasi yang merangkumi penggunaan dan perlindungan maklumat yang dikemukakan oleh pelawat. Sekiranya anda membuat transaksi atau menghantar e-mel yang mengandungi maklumat peribadi, maklumat ini mungkin akan dikongsi bersama dengan agensi sektor awam lain untuk membantu penyediaan perkhidmatan yang lebih berkesan dan efektif. Sebagai contoh, untuk menyelesaikan atau merekodkan aduan, maklumat yang diperlukan disalurkan kepada agensi kerajaan yang lain. 

Data Peribadi 

Pelawat mungkin diminta mengemukakan maklumat peribadi seperti nama dan alamat e-mel untuk penggunaan perkhidmatan di laman web ini. Perkhidmatan tersebut adalah seperti penghantaran notis melalui e-mel, maklum balas laman web atau cadangan idea/aplikasi. Sebarang maklumat peribadi yang dikemukakan kepada laman web ini tidak akan didedahkan melainkan yang dibenarkan oleh undang-undang. 

Maklumat Terkumpul

Tiada sebarang maklumat peribadi anda disimpan semasa anda melayari laman web ini kecuali maklumat yang anda putuskan untuk dikemukakan melalui pesanan penerbitan, penghantaran e-mel atau langganan perkhidmatan e-mel di laman web ini. 

Laman web ini hanya berkongsi maklumat anda dengan agensi kerajaan lain sekiranya soalan anda berkaitan dengan agensi tersebut, atau sebaliknya sekiranya diperlukan. Laman web ini tidak mengumpul maklumat atau mewujudkan profil individu untuk pemasaran komersial. 

Maklumat Log 

Apabila anda melayari laman web ini, kami mungkin menyimpan maklumat log berikut secara automatik seperti alamat protokol Internet tempat anda melayari, tarikh dan masa, nama laman web tempat anda membuat pautan, nama fail atau perkataan yang anda cari, butiran yang anda klik pada laman, dan pelayar serta sistem pengoperasian yang anda gunakan.

Maklumat log ini digunakan untuk mengukur bilangan pelawat yang berkunjung ke laman web ini dan mengenal pasti prestasi atau masalah sistem. Kami juga menggunakan maklumat ini untuk membantu dalam membangunkan laman, analisis corak penggunaan, dan untuk menjadikan laman ini lebih berguna. Laman web ini tidak berkongsi atau menjual data pelawat bagi tujuan pengiklanan, pemasaran atau sebarang tujuan komersial. 

Penggunaan Kuki (Cookies)

Laman web ini menghasilkan kuki, yang dikumpulkan oleh pelayar laman web bagi membolehkan ia mengenali anda untuk kunjungan yang berikutnya. Kuki ini tidak menyimpan data anda secara kekal dan ia juga tidak disimpan di dalam cakera keras komputer anda. Kuki akan dipadamkan sebaik sahaja anda menutup pelayar anda.

Pautan Kepada Laman Web yang Lain 

Laman web ini mempunyai pautan ke laman web lain. Dasar privasi ini hanya terpakai untuk laman web ini sahaja. Perlu diingatkan bahawa laman web yang terdapat dalam pautan mungkin mempunyai dasar privasi yang berbeza dan pelawat dinasihatkan supaya meneliti dan memahami dasar privasi bagi setiap laman web yang dilayari. 

Perlindungan Data 

Teknologi terkini termasuk perisian penyulitan data digunakan untuk melindungi data yang dikemukakan dan pematuhan kepada standard keselamatan yang ketat adalah terpakai untuk menghalang capaian yang tidak dibenarkan. 

Dasar Keselamatan 

  • Pelawat yang ingin menggunakan kemudahan seperti maklum balas kepada pengemaskinian laman web ini perlu mendaftar bagi tujuan keselamatan untuk mengelakkan kejadian yang tidak diingini. 
  • Pelawat bertanggungjawab sepenuhnya terhadap sebarang maklumat yang diberikan kepada laman web ini. 
  • Pelawat harus memastikan sebarang fail yang dikepilkan bersama (jika ada) bebas daripada sebarang pepijat (bug).
  • Laman web kerajaan dan agensi swasta yang memerlukan pautan ke laman web ini mestilah mendapatkan kelulusan daripada Pentadbir laman web ini. 
  • Memecah masuk atau cubaan mengodam laman web ini adalah dilarang sama sekali. 

Pindaan Dasar

Sekiranya terdapat sebarang pindaan pada dasar, ia akan dikemas kini di halaman ini. Pastikan anda sentiasa melayari bahagian dasar privasi dan keselamatan bagi memastikan anda sentiasa tahu tentang maklumat yang disimpan, kaedah dan waktu ia digunakan.